[ACCEPTED]-How can I detect a SQL table's existence in Java?-database

Accepted answer
Score: 43

You can use DatabaseMetaData.getTables() to get information about existing 4 tables.

This method works transparently and 3 is independent of the database engine. I 2 think it queries information schema tables 1 behind the scenes.


Here is an example that prints all existing table names.

DatabaseMetaData md = connection.getMetaData();
ResultSet rs = md.getTables(null, null, "%", null);
while (rs.next()) {
Score: 14

Use java.sql.DatabaseMetaData.getTables(null, null, YOUR_TABLE, null). If the table exists, you will get 1 a ResultSet with one record.

See DatabaseMetaData.getTables

Score: 2

For ALL ANSI-compliant databases: (mySQL, SQL 2 Server 2005/2008, Oracle, PostgreSQL, SQLLite, maybe 1 others)

select 1 from information_schema.tables where table_name = @tableName
Score: 1

This is not a language-specific, but a database-specific 3 problem. You'd query the metadata in the 2 database for the existence of that particular 1 object.

In SQL Server for instance:

SELECT * FROM sys.objects WHERE object_id = OBJECT_ID(N'[dbo].[table]')
   AND type in (N'U')
Score: 1

Write a query that queries the table/view 3 that will list the tables (this is different 2 depending on DB vendor). Call that from 1 Java.

Googling information_schema.tables will help a lot.

Score: 1

Depending on the DB, you can do (MySQL)


or 3 (Oracle)

SELECT * FROM user_objects WHERE object_type = 'TABLE'

or another thing for SQL Server. Cycle 2 through the results for MySQL or further 1 filter on the Oracle one.

Score: 1

Why not just see if it is in sysobjects 1 (for SQL Server)?

SELECT [name] FROM [sysobjects] WHERE type = 'U' AND [name] = 'TableName'
Score: 1

There is a JDBC feature, database vendor 3 independent - see [java.sql.DatabaseMetaData#getTables()][1]

You 2 can get the DatabaseMetaData instance by 1 calling java.sql.Connection#getMetaData()

[1]: http://java.sun.com/javase/6/docs/api/java/sql/DatabaseMetaData.html#getTables(java.lang.String, java.lang.String, java.lang.String, java.lang.String[])

Score: 1

This is what worked for me for jdbc:derby:

//Create Staff table if it does not exist yet
String tableName = "STAFF";
boolean exists = conn.getMetaData().getTables(null, null, tableName, null).next();
    s = conn.createStatement();
    s.execute("create table staff(lastname varchar(30), firstname varchar(30), position varchar(20),salary double,age int)");
    System.out.println("Created table " + tableName);

Note that 1 tableName has to be all caps.

Score: 0

For MS Access:

Select Count(*) From MSysObjects 
Where type=1 And name='your_table_name_here'


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