[ACCEPTED]-Is there a way to iterate through all enum values?-enumeration

Accepted answer
Score: 29
string[] names = Enum.GetNames (typeof(MyEnum));

Then just populate the dropdown withe the 1 array

Score: 25

I know others have already answered with 15 a correct answer, however, if you're wanting 14 to use the enumerations in a combo box, you 13 may want to go the extra yard and associate 12 strings to the enum so that you can provide 11 more detail in the displayed string (such 10 as spaces between words or display strings 9 using casing that doesn't match your coding 8 standards)

This blog entry may be useful 7 - Associating Strings with enums in c#

public enum States
{
    California,
    [Description("New Mexico")]
    NewMexico,
    [Description("New York")]
    NewYork,
    [Description("South Carolina")]
    SouthCarolina,
    Tennessee,
    Washington
}

As a bonus, he also supplied a utility 6 method for enumerating the enumeration that 5 I've now updated with Jon Skeet's comments

public static IEnumerable<T> EnumToList<T>()
    where T : struct
{
    Type enumType = typeof(T);

    // Can't use generic type constraints on value types,
    // so have to do check like this
    if (enumType.BaseType != typeof(Enum))
        throw new ArgumentException("T must be of type System.Enum");

    Array enumValArray = Enum.GetValues(enumType);
    List<T> enumValList = new List<T>();

    foreach (T val in enumValArray)
    {
        enumValList.Add(val.ToString());
    }

    return enumValList;
}

Jon 4 also pointed out that in C# 3.0 it can be 3 simplified to something like this (which 2 is now getting so light-weight that I'd 1 imagine you could just do it in-line):

public static IEnumerable<T> EnumToList<T>()
    where T : struct
{
    return Enum.GetValues(typeof(T)).Cast<T>();
}

// Using above method
statesComboBox.Items = EnumToList<States>();

// Inline
statesComboBox.Items = Enum.GetValues(typeof(States)).Cast<States>();
Score: 10

Use the Enum.GetValues method:

foreach (TestEnum en in Enum.GetValues(typeof(TestEnum)))
{
    ...
}

You don't 4 need to cast them to a string, and that 3 way you can just retrieve them back by casting 2 the SelectedItem property to a TestEnum 1 value directly as well.

Score: 5

You could iterate through the array returned 1 by the Enum.GetNames method instead.

public class GetNamesTest {
    enum Colors { Red, Green, Blue, Yellow };
    enum Styles { Plaid, Striped, Tartan, Corduroy };

    public static void Main() {

        Console.WriteLine("The values of the Colors Enum are:");
        foreach(string s in Enum.GetNames(typeof(Colors)))
            Console.WriteLine(s);

        Console.WriteLine();

        Console.WriteLine("The values of the Styles Enum are:");
        foreach(string s in Enum.GetNames(typeof(Styles)))
            Console.WriteLine(s);
    }
}
Score: 5

If you need the values of the combo to correspond 4 to the values of the enum you can also use 3 something like this:

foreach (TheEnum value in Enum.GetValues(typeof(TheEnum)))
    dropDown.Items.Add(new ListItem(
        value.ToString(), ((int)value).ToString()
    );

In this way you can 2 show the texts in the dropdown and obtain 1 back the value (in SelectedValue property)

Score: 1

The problem with using enums to populate 6 pull downs is that you cann't have weird 5 characters or spaces in enums. I have some 4 code that extends enums so that you can 3 add any character you want.

Use it like this..

public enum eCarType
{
    [StringValue("Saloon / Sedan")] Saloon = 5,
    [StringValue("Coupe")] Coupe = 4,
    [StringValue("Estate / Wagon")] Estate = 6,
    [StringValue("Hatchback")] Hatchback = 8,
    [StringValue("Utility")] Ute = 1,
}

Bind 2 data like so..

StringEnum CarTypes = new StringEnum(typeof(eCarTypes));
cmbCarTypes.DataSource = CarTypes.GetGenericListValues();

Here is the class that extends 1 the enum.

// Author: Donny V.
// blog: http://donnyvblog.blogspot.com

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Reflection;

namespace xEnums
{

    #region Class StringEnum

    /// <summary>
    /// Helper class for working with 'extended' enums using <see cref="StringValueAttribute"/> attributes.
    /// </summary>
    public class StringEnum
    {
        #region Instance implementation

        private Type _enumType;
        private static Hashtable _stringValues = new Hashtable();

        /// <summary>
        /// Creates a new <see cref="StringEnum"/> instance.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="enumType">Enum type.</param>
        public StringEnum(Type enumType)
        {
            if (!enumType.IsEnum)
                throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Supplied type must be an Enum.  Type was {0}", enumType.ToString()));

            _enumType = enumType;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the string value associated with the given enum value.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="valueName">Name of the enum value.</param>
        /// <returns>String Value</returns>
        public string GetStringValue(string valueName)
        {
            Enum enumType;
            string stringValue = null;
            try
            {
                enumType = (Enum) Enum.Parse(_enumType, valueName);
                stringValue = GetStringValue(enumType);
            }
            catch (Exception) { }//Swallow!

            return stringValue;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the string values associated with the enum.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>String value array</returns>
        public Array GetStringValues()
        {
            ArrayList values = new ArrayList();
            //Look for our string value associated with fields in this enum
            foreach (FieldInfo fi in _enumType.GetFields())
            {
                //Check for our custom attribute
                StringValueAttribute[] attrs = fi.GetCustomAttributes(typeof (StringValueAttribute), false) as StringValueAttribute[];
                if (attrs.Length > 0)
                    values.Add(attrs[0].Value);

            }

            return values.ToArray();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the values as a 'bindable' list datasource.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>IList for data binding</returns>
        public IList GetListValues()
        {
            Type underlyingType = Enum.GetUnderlyingType(_enumType);
            ArrayList values = new ArrayList();
            //List<string> values = new List<string>();

            //Look for our string value associated with fields in this enum
            foreach (FieldInfo fi in _enumType.GetFields())
            {
                //Check for our custom attribute
                StringValueAttribute[] attrs = fi.GetCustomAttributes(typeof (StringValueAttribute), false) as StringValueAttribute[];
                if (attrs.Length > 0)
                    values.Add(new DictionaryEntry(Convert.ChangeType(Enum.Parse(_enumType, fi.Name), underlyingType), attrs[0].Value));

            }

            return values;

        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the values as a 'bindable' list<string> datasource.
        ///This is a newer version of 'GetListValues()'
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>IList<string> for data binding</returns>
        public IList<string> GetGenericListValues()
        {
            Type underlyingType = Enum.GetUnderlyingType(_enumType);
            List<string> values = new List<string>();

            //Look for our string value associated with fields in this enum
            foreach (FieldInfo fi in _enumType.GetFields())
            {
                //Check for our custom attribute
                StringValueAttribute[] attrs = fi.GetCustomAttributes(typeof(StringValueAttribute), false) as StringValueAttribute[];
                if (attrs.Length > 0)
                    values.Add(attrs[0].Value);
            }

            return values;

        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Return the existence of the given string value within the enum.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="stringValue">String value.</param>
        /// <returns>Existence of the string value</returns>
        public bool IsStringDefined(string stringValue)
        {
            return Parse(_enumType, stringValue) != null;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Return the existence of the given string value within the enum.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="stringValue">String value.</param>
        /// <param name="ignoreCase">Denotes whether to conduct a case-insensitive match on the supplied string value</param>
        /// <returns>Existence of the string value</returns>
        public bool IsStringDefined(string stringValue, bool ignoreCase)
        {
            return Parse(_enumType, stringValue, ignoreCase) != null;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the underlying enum type for this instance.
        /// </summary>
        /// <value></value>
        public Type EnumType
        {
            get { return _enumType; }
        }

        #endregion

        #region Static implementation

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets a string value for a particular enum value.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="value">Value.</param>
        /// <returns>String Value associated via a <see cref="StringValueAttribute"/> attribute, or null if not found.</returns>
        public static string GetStringValue(Enum value)
        {
            string output = null;
            Type type = value.GetType();

            if (_stringValues.ContainsKey(value))
                output = (_stringValues[value] as StringValueAttribute).Value;
            else 
            {
                //Look for our 'StringValueAttribute' in the field's custom attributes
                FieldInfo fi = type.GetField(value.ToString());
                StringValueAttribute[] attrs = fi.GetCustomAttributes(typeof (StringValueAttribute), false) as StringValueAttribute[];
                if (attrs.Length > 0)
                {
                    _stringValues.Add(value, attrs[0]);
                    output = attrs[0].Value;
                }

            }
            return output;

        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Parses the supplied enum and string value to find an associated enum value (case sensitive).
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="type">Type.</param>
        /// <param name="stringValue">String value.</param>
        /// <returns>Enum value associated with the string value, or null if not found.</returns>
        public static object Parse(Type type, string stringValue)
        {
            return Parse(type, stringValue, false);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Parses the supplied enum and string value to find an associated enum value.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="type">Type.</param>
        /// <param name="stringValue">String value.</param>
        /// <param name="ignoreCase">Denotes whether to conduct a case-insensitive match on the supplied string value</param>
        /// <returns>Enum value associated with the string value, or null if not found.</returns>
        public static object Parse(Type type, string stringValue, bool ignoreCase)
        {
            object output = null;
            string enumStringValue = null;

            if (!type.IsEnum)
                throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Supplied type must be an Enum.  Type was {0}", type.ToString()));

            //Look for our string value associated with fields in this enum
            foreach (FieldInfo fi in type.GetFields())
            {
                //Check for our custom attribute
                StringValueAttribute[] attrs = fi.GetCustomAttributes(typeof (StringValueAttribute), false) as StringValueAttribute[];
                if (attrs.Length > 0)
                    enumStringValue = attrs[0].Value;

                //Check for equality then select actual enum value.
                if (string.Compare(enumStringValue, stringValue, ignoreCase) == 0)
                {
                    output = Enum.Parse(type, fi.Name);
                    break;
                }
            }

            return output;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Return the existence of the given string value within the enum.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="stringValue">String value.</param>
        /// <param name="enumType">Type of enum</param>
        /// <returns>Existence of the string value</returns>
        public static bool IsStringDefined(Type enumType, string stringValue)
        {
            return Parse(enumType, stringValue) != null;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Return the existence of the given string value within the enum.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="stringValue">String value.</param>
        /// <param name="enumType">Type of enum</param>
        /// <param name="ignoreCase">Denotes whether to conduct a case-insensitive match on the supplied string value</param>
        /// <returns>Existence of the string value</returns>
        public static bool IsStringDefined(Type enumType, string stringValue, bool ignoreCase)
        {
            return Parse(enumType, stringValue, ignoreCase) != null;
        }

        #endregion
    }

    #endregion

    #region Class StringValueAttribute

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple attribute class for storing String Values
    /// </summary>
    public class StringValueAttribute : Attribute
    {
        private string _value;

        /// <summary>
        /// Creates a new <see cref="StringValueAttribute"/> instance.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="value">Value.</param>
        public StringValueAttribute(string value)
        {
            _value = value;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the value.
        /// </summary>
        /// <value></value>
        public string Value
        {
            get { return _value; }
        }
    }

    #endregion
}
Score: 1

.NET 3.5 makes it simple by using extension 5 methods:

enum Color {Red, Green, Blue}

Can be iterated with

Enum.GetValues(typeof(Color)).Cast<Color>()

or define a 4 new static generic method:

static IEnumerable<T> GetValues<T>() {
  return Enum.GetValues(typeof(T)).Cast<T>();
}

Keep in mind that 3 iterating with the Enum.GetValues() method 2 uses reflection and thus has performance 1 penalties.

Score: 0

It is often useful to define a Min and Max 3 inside your enum, which will always be the 2 first and last items. Here is a very simple 1 example using Delphi syntax:

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
type
  TEmployeeTypes = (etMin, etHourly, etSalary, etContractor, etMax);
var
  i : TEmployeeTypes;
begin
  for i := etMin to etMax do begin
    //do something
  end;
end;
Score: 0

Little more "complicated" (maybe overkill) but 6 I use these two methods to return dictionaries 5 to use as datasources. The first one returns 4 the name as key and the second value as 3 key.

public static IDictionary<string, int> ConvertEnumToDictionaryNameFirst<K>()
{
  if (typeof(K).BaseType != typeof(Enum))
  {
    throw new InvalidCastException();
  }

  return Enum.GetValues(typeof(K)).Cast<int>().ToDictionary(currentItem 
    => Enum.GetName(typeof(K), currentItem));
}

Or you could do


public static IDictionary<int, string> ConvertEnumToDictionaryValueFirst<K>()
{
  if (typeof(K).BaseType != typeof(Enum))
  {
    throw new InvalidCastException();
  }

  return Enum.GetNames(typeof(K)).Cast<string>().ToDictionary(currentItem 
    => (int)Enum.Parse(typeof(K), currentItem));
}

This assumes you are 2 using 3.5 though. You'd have to replace 1 the lambda expressions if not.

Use:


  Dictionary list = ConvertEnumToDictionaryValueFirst<SomeEnum>();

  using System;
  using System.Collections.Generic;
  using System.Linq;

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