[ACCEPTED]-How to configure log4net programmatically from scratch (no config)-log4net

Accepted answer
Score: 124

Here's an example class that creates log4net 5 config completely in code. I should mention 4 that creating a logger via a static method 3 is generally viewed as bad, but in my context, this 2 is what I wanted. Regardless, you can carve 1 up the code to meet your needs.

using log4net;
using log4net.Repository.Hierarchy;
using log4net.Core;
using log4net.Appender;
using log4net.Layout;

namespace dnservices.logging
{
public class Logger
{
    private PatternLayout _layout = new PatternLayout();
    private const string LOG_PATTERN = "%d [%t] %-5p %m%n";

    public string DefaultPattern
    {
        get { return LOG_PATTERN; }
    }

    public Logger()
    {
        _layout.ConversionPattern = DefaultPattern;
        _layout.ActivateOptions();
    }

    public PatternLayout DefaultLayout
    {
        get { return _layout; }
    }

    public void AddAppender(IAppender appender)
    {
        Hierarchy hierarchy = 
            (Hierarchy)LogManager.GetRepository();

        hierarchy.Root.AddAppender(appender);
    }

    static Logger()
    {
        Hierarchy hierarchy = (Hierarchy)LogManager.GetRepository();
        TraceAppender tracer = new TraceAppender();
        PatternLayout patternLayout = new PatternLayout();

        patternLayout.ConversionPattern = LOG_PATTERN;
        patternLayout.ActivateOptions();

        tracer.Layout = patternLayout;
        tracer.ActivateOptions();
        hierarchy.Root.AddAppender(tracer);

        RollingFileAppender roller = new RollingFileAppender();
        roller.Layout = patternLayout;
        roller.AppendToFile = true;
        roller.RollingStyle = RollingFileAppender.RollingMode.Size;
        roller.MaxSizeRollBackups = 4;
        roller.MaximumFileSize = "100KB";
        roller.StaticLogFileName = true;
        roller.File = "dnservices.txt";
        roller.ActivateOptions();
        hierarchy.Root.AddAppender(roller);

        hierarchy.Root.Level = Level.All;
        hierarchy.Configured = true;
    }

    public static ILog Create()
    {
        return LogManager.GetLogger("dnservices");
    }
}

}

Score: 38

One way I've done this in the past is to 5 include the configuration file as an embedded 4 resource, and just used log4net.Config.Configure(Stream).

That way, I could 3 use the configuration syntax I was familiar 2 with, and didn't have to worry about getting 1 a file deployed.

Score: 32

More concise solution:

var layout = new PatternLayout("%-4timestamp [%thread] %-5level %logger %ndc - %message%newline");
var appender = new RollingFileAppender {
    File = "my.log",
    Layout = layout
};
layout.ActivateOptions();
appender.ActivateOptions();
BasicConfigurator.Configure(appender);

Don't forget to call 5 ActivateOptions method:

The ActivateOptions method must 4 be called on this object after the configuration 3 properties have been set. Until ActivateOptions 2 is called this object is in an undefined 1 state and must not be used.

Score: 5

As Jonathan says, using a resource is a good solution.

It's 15 a bit restrictive in that the embedded resource 14 contents will be fixed at compile time. I 13 have a logging component that generates 12 an XmlDocument with a basic Log4Net configuration, using 11 variables defined as appSettings (e.g. filename 10 for a RollingFileAppender, default logging 9 level, maybe connection string name if you 8 want to use an AdoNetAppender). And then 7 I call log4net.Config.XmlConfigurator.Configure to configure Log4Net using the root 6 element of the generated XmlDocument.

Then 5 administrators can customise the "standard" configuration 4 by modifying a few appSettings (typically 3 level, filename, ...) or can specify an 2 external configuration file to get more 1 control.

Score: 4

A bit late for the party. But here is a 3 minimal config that worked for me.

Sample 2 class

public class Bar
{
    private readonly ILog log = LogManager.GetLogger(typeof(Bar));
    public void DoBar() { log.Info("Logged"); }
}

Minimal log4net trace config (inside 1 NUnit test)

[Test]
public void Foo()
{
    var tracer = new TraceAppender();
    var hierarchy = (Hierarchy)LogManager.GetRepository();
    hierarchy.Root.AddAppender(tracer);
    var patternLayout = new PatternLayout {ConversionPattern = "%m%n"};
    tracer.Layout = patternLayout;
    hierarchy.Configured = true;

    var bar = new Bar();
    bar.DoBar();
}

Prints to the trace listener

Namespace+Bar: Logged
Score: 3

I can't tell in the question's code snippet 6 if the "'And so forth..." includes the very 5 important apndr.ActivateOptions() which 4 is indicated in Todd Stout's answer. Without 3 ActivateOptions() the Appender is inactive 2 and will not do anything which could explain 1 why it is failing.

Score: 2

Dr. Netjes has this for setting the connectionstring 1 programmatically:

// Get the Hierarchy object that organizes the loggers
log4net.Repository.Hierarchy.Hierarchy hier = 
  log4net.LogManager.GetLoggerRepository() as log4net.Repository.Hierarchy.Hierarchy;

if (hier != null)
{
  //get ADONetAppender
  log4net.Appender.ADONetAppender adoAppender = 
    (log4net.Appender.ADONetAppender)hier.GetLogger("MyProject",
      hier.LoggerFactory).GetAppender("ADONetAppender");
  if (adoAppender != null)
  {
    adoAppender.ConnectionString =
      System.Configuration.ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings["MyConnectionString"];
    adoAppender.ActivateOptions(); //refresh settings of appender
  }
}
Score: 1

// I've embedded three config files as an 1 Embedded Resource and access them like this:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Resources;
using System.IO;

namespace Loader
{
  class Program
  {
    private static log4net.ILog CustomerLog = log4net.LogManager.GetLogger("CustomerLogging");
    private static log4net.ILog OrderLog = log4net.LogManager.GetLogger("OrderLogging");
    private static log4net.ILog DetailsLog = log4net.LogManager.GetLogger("OrderDetailLogging");


    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
      // array of embedded log4net config files
      string[] configs = { "Customer.config", "Order.config", "Detail.config"};

      foreach (var config in configs)
      {
        // build path to assembly config
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.Append(System.Reflection.Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().GetName().Name);
        sb.Append(".");
        sb.Append(config);

        // convert to a stream
        Stream configStream = System.Reflection.Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().GetManifestResourceStream(sb.ToString());

        // configure logger with ocnfig stream
        log4net.Config.XmlConfigurator.Configure(configStream);

        // test logging
        CustomerLog.Info("Begin logging with: " + config);
        OrderLog.Info("Begin logging with: " + config);
        DetailsLog.Info("Begin logging with: " + config);
        for (int iX = 0; iX < 10; iX++)
        {
          CustomerLog.Info("iX=" + iX);
          OrderLog.Info("iX=" + iX);
          DetailsLog.Info("iX=" + iX);
        }
        CustomerLog.Info("Ending logging with: " + config);
        OrderLog.Info("Ending logging with: " + config);
        DetailsLog.Info("Ending logging with: " + config);
      }

    }
  }
}
Score: 0

It is strange that BasicConfigurator.Configure(apndr) did not work. In my 3 case it did its job... But, anyway, here 2 goes the answer - you should've wrote hier.Configured = true; (c# code) after 1 you've finished all setup.

Score: 0

I ended up using this:

http://www.mikebevers.be/blog/2010/09/log4net-custom-adonetappender/

After 4 hours fiddling 2 with the config and getting progressively 1 more frustrated.

Hope it helps someone.

Score: 0

Here's a soup-to-nuts example of how you 6 can create and use an AdoNetAdapter entirely in code, completely 5 in the absence of any App.config file (not even for 4 Common.Logging). Go ahead, delete it!

This has the added 3 benefit of being resilient against updates 2 under the new naming conventions, where the assembly name now 1 reflects the version. (Common.Logging.Log4Net1213, etc.)

[SQL]

CREATE TABLE [Log](
  [Id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
  [Date] [datetime] NOT NULL,
  [Thread] [varchar](255) NOT NULL,
  [Level] [varchar](20) NOT NULL,
  [Source] [varchar](255) NOT NULL,
  [Message] [varchar](max) NOT NULL,
  [Exception] [varchar](max) NOT NULL
)

[Main]

Imports log4net
Imports log4net.Core
Imports log4net.Layout
Imports log4net.Config
Imports log4net.Appender

Module Main
  Sub Main()
    Dim oLogger As ILog
    Dim sInput As String
    Dim iOops As Integer

    BasicConfigurator.Configure(New DbAppender)
    oLogger = LogManager.GetLogger(GetType(Main))

    Console.Write("Command: ")

    Do
      Try
        sInput = Console.ReadLine.Trim

        Select Case sInput.ToUpper
          Case "QUIT" : Exit Do
          Case "OOPS" : iOops = String.Empty
          Case Else : oLogger.Info(sInput)
        End Select

      Catch ex As Exception
        oLogger.Error(ex.Message, ex)

      End Try

      Console.Clear()
      Console.Write("Command: ")
    Loop
  End Sub
End Module

[DbAppender]

Imports log4net
Imports log4net.Core
Imports log4net.Layout
Imports log4net.Appender
Imports log4net.Repository.Hierarchy

Public Class DbAppender
  Inherits AdoNetAppender

  Public Sub New()
    MyBase.BufferSize = 1
    MyBase.CommandText = Me.CommandText

    Me.Parameters.ForEach(Sub(Parameter As DbParameter)
                            MyBase.AddParameter(Parameter)
                          End Sub)

    Me.ActivateOptions()
  End Sub



  Protected Overrides Function CreateConnection(ConnectionType As Type, ConnectionString As String) As IDbConnection
    Return MyBase.CreateConnection(GetType(System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection), "Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=Logger;Persist Security Info=True;User ID=username;Password=password")
  End Function



  Private Overloads ReadOnly Property CommandText As String
    Get
      Dim _
        sColumns,
        sValues As String

      sColumns = Join(Me.Parameters.Select(Function(P As DbParameter) P.DbColumn).ToArray, ",")
      sValues = Join(Me.Parameters.Select(Function(P As DbParameter) P.ParameterName).ToArray, ",")

      Return String.Format(COMMAND_TEXT, sColumns, sValues)
    End Get
  End Property



  Private ReadOnly Property Parameters As List(Of DbParameter)
    Get
      Parameters = New List(Of DbParameter)
      Parameters.Add(Me.LogDate)
      Parameters.Add(Me.Thread)
      Parameters.Add(Me.Level)
      Parameters.Add(Me.Source)
      Parameters.Add(Me.Message)
      Parameters.Add(Me.Exception)
    End Get
  End Property



  Private ReadOnly Property LogDate As DbParameter
    Get
      Return New DbParameter("Date", DbType.Date, 0, New DbPatternLayout("%date{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.fff}"))
    End Get
  End Property



  Private ReadOnly Property Thread As DbParameter
    Get
      Return New DbParameter("Thread", DbType.String, 255, New DbPatternLayout("%thread"))
    End Get
  End Property



  Private ReadOnly Property Level As DbParameter
    Get
      Return New DbParameter("Level", DbType.String, 50, New DbPatternLayout("%level"))
    End Get
  End Property



  Private ReadOnly Property Source As DbParameter
    Get
      Return New DbParameter("Source", DbType.String, 255, New DbPatternLayout("%logger.%M()"))
    End Get
  End Property



  Private ReadOnly Property Message As DbParameter
    Get
      Return New DbParameter("Message", DbType.String, 4000, New DbPatternLayout("%message"))
    End Get
  End Property



  Private ReadOnly Property Exception As DbParameter
    Get
      Return New DbParameter("Exception", DbType.String, 2000, New DbExceptionLayout)
    End Get
  End Property



  Private Const COMMAND_TEXT As String = "INSERT INTO Log ({0}) VALUES ({1})"
End Class

[DbParameter]

Imports log4net
Imports log4net.Core
Imports log4net.Layout
Imports log4net.Appender
Imports log4net.Repository.Hierarchy

Public Class DbParameter
  Inherits AdoNetAppenderParameter

  Private ReadOnly Name As String

  Public Sub New(Name As String, Type As DbType, Size As Integer, Layout As ILayout)
    With New RawLayoutConverter
      Me.Layout = .ConvertFrom(Layout)
    End With

    Me.Name = Name.Replace("@", String.Empty)
    Me.ParameterName = String.Format("@{0}", Me.Name)
    Me.DbType = Type
    Me.Size = Size
  End Sub



  Public ReadOnly Property DbColumn As String
    Get
      Return String.Format("[{0}]", Me.Name)
    End Get
  End Property
End Class

[DbPatternLayout]

Imports log4net
Imports log4net.Core
Imports log4net.Layout
Imports log4net.Appender
Imports log4net.Repository.Hierarchy

Public Class DbPatternLayout
  Inherits PatternLayout

  Public Sub New(Pattern As String)
    Me.ConversionPattern = Pattern
    Me.ActivateOptions()
  End Sub
End Class

[DbExceptionLayout]

Imports log4net
Imports log4net.Core
Imports log4net.Layout
Imports log4net.Appender
Imports log4net.Repository.Hierarchy

Public Class DbExceptionLayout
  Inherits ExceptionLayout

  Public Sub New()
    Me.ActivateOptions()
  End Sub
End Class
Score: 0

'Solution for Vb.Net

Private Shared EscanerLog As log4net.ILog = log4net.LogManager.GetLogger("Log4Net.Config")

Public Sub New(ByVal sIDSesion As String)
    Dim sStream As Stream
    Dim JsText As String
    Using reader As New StreamReader((GetType(ClsGestorLogsTraza).Assembly).GetManifestResourceStream("Comun.Log4Net.Config"))
        JsText = reader.ReadToEnd()
        sStream = GenerateStreamFromString(JsText)
        log4net.Config.XmlConfigurator.Configure(sStream)
    End Using
End Sub

Public Function GenerateStreamFromString(ByVal s As String) As Stream
    Dim stream = New MemoryStream()
    Dim writer = New StreamWriter(stream)
    writer.Write(s)
    writer.Flush()
    stream.Position = 0
    Return stream
End Function

Public Function StreamFromResource(ByVal sFilename As String) As Stream
    Dim nAssembly As System.Reflection.Assembly = System.Reflection.Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly()
    Dim s As Stream = nAssembly.GetManifestResourceStream(System.Reflection.MethodBase.GetCurrentMethod.DeclaringType, sFilename)
    Return s
End Function

0

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